The accounting technique, which identifies all costs associated with individual activities comprising a project or process, irrespective of its place within an organizational structure. For example, ABC assigns product costs, based on the activities that are required to produce a product. By identifying the product’s cost drivers and its corresponding activities, this technique also allows for identification of non-value-adding activities and opportunities for cost reductions through reengineering or redesign.
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A technique used to describe a specific activity in order to enable improvements and facilitate strong activity management.
The affinity diagram is a business tool used to organize ideas and data. It is one of the Seven Management and Planning Tools. People have been grouping data into groups based on natural relationships for thousands of years; however, the term affinity diagram was devised by Jiro Kawakita in the 1960s and is sometimes referred to as the KJ Method.
Apportioned Efforts hold direct supportive relationship to a discrete activity and can be measured in direct proportionate to a discrete effort. Due to the direct proportion relationship with discrete activity, apportioned efforts may not readily divisible from work packages. If the activity is painting the wall , doing verification and validation of the painting will be considered as apportioned efforts
Benchmarking determines where the enterprise is in relation to performing activities with "best-of-breed" or world class companies. It measures the performance or the degree of success that has been realized in comparison to other companies for a given activity, value stream, or other factor of interest. These measures then become the basis for analysis and redesign.
A technique used for estimating the direct (tangible) or indirect (intangible) favorable results of an action taken. Tangible benefits can be measured in terms of their direct monetary value, such as increase in revenue; intangible benefits are the favorable results that may not be measurable in dollar terms, such as improved morale of the employees, but can be estimated using a qualitative approach.
A technique for idea generation on a given subject in a limited period of time. Brainstorming is typically conducted in a facilitated session or workshop environment to stimulate creative thinking, to create novel or innovative solutions to a problem, and to introduce "controlled chaos" into the thought process. It is the most widely used technique to cultivate ideas. The objective is quantity, not necessarily quality and is based on the principle that "many brains are often better than one."
Business analysis is an internal consultancy role that has the responsibility for investigating business situations, identifying and evaluating options for improving business systems, defining requirements and ensuring the effective use of information systems in meeting the needs of the business https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_analysis.
A technique used to integrate all change activities into a total business sequence change program. All aspects of managerial, operational, social and technological change must be driven by the needs of the business (enterprise). All changes are identified and prioritized for proper sequencing to maximize the benefit stream vis-a-vis constraints.