While the vast majority of organizations understand the value of having a project management office (PMO), about 15% do not have one. How can project managers be successful in organizations without a PMO? The project manager still has the main responsibility for project success and can take ownership of its outcome by following a few best practices.
Maximize Your Resources: Don't Duplicate, Integrate
Although you have your hands full managing your own project, it never hurts to come up for air from time to time and assess the landscape. Perhaps the project you’ve been diligently bringing along toward completion has aspects similar to another project currently under way. Maybe you are terrific at motivating team members while the project manager down the hall excels in negotiating with vendors. Why not consider integrating your projects?
As with any new venture, the first task at hand is to determine whether a given course of action makes sense. In the case of integrating projects, you’ll want to answer the question, “Why integrate?” There are many sound reasons for integrating two or more projects, like eliminating duplicate efforts, maximizing company resources and streamlining workflow.
Step on it
In some cases, integrating one or more projects can help you maximize your resources. If your budget only allows for four team members and another project can pay for three, consider sharing a staffer or two. You may need the same skills on both teams, and you may find that integrating the projects will allow one person to work especially well and allow you and your project manager colleague some breathing room in the budget.
Workflow can get stopped up when a project manager relies on a wide array of people each accomplishing a small task. It may seem inconsequential to the team member and therefore not get the attention it deserves, which leaves you hanging. When you marry your project with another, you are increasing the impression of importance of your joint efforts. And it may be easier for your team members to provide missing links for your project and another at the same time, rather than gearing up to do similar tasks a few days apart.
Once you have determined that an integration of projects makes sense for everyone involved--you, the second project manager and your client--you can begin the process of melding your projects together. As the name suggests, integrating means that there will be places where the projects conform to one another and places where they remain independent. The trick to successful integration is knowing where to expect a seamless fit and where to let each project have a little breathing room.
As with any individual project, planning is key. You must first sit down with your co-project manager to go over your individual plans and assess the tasks and deliverables that can be joined. Once you have established the broad picture and received sign-off from the necessary management, you can set up a joint meeting of both project teams.
The joint meeting is crucial to develop buy-in from team members and to help them understand how they fit into the new, bigger work structure. This is a time for diplomacy, as some jobs may overlap, and you’ll want to find noncompetitive ways to ensure that each team member feels valued for the skills he or she brings to the group, while staying aware of the individual contributions required for the integrated project.
From this point, the project can run quite a bit like any un-integrated project with one very large exception: You and your co-project manager must make your individual roles crystal clear among yourselves, your superiors and your team members. You will, of course, want to negotiate this privately. But once you’ve determined what each project manager will handle in terms of authority, responsibilities and deliverables, be certain that everyone else involved with the projects understands as well.
With sound planning, hard work and excellent communication, successful project integration can help your project, your company and your career. So the next time you’re chatting with fellow project managers, be on the lookout for commonsense commonalities … they might lead to a successful integration of projects.
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