Project Management: What's in Store?
In the beginning (in this case, the 1950s), project management was confined to the realm of engineering--and this industry gave birth to the era of modern project management. These were amazing times as project management tools grew beyond Gantt charts and workplans. New scheduling tools burst upon the scene like the “Critical Path Method” (CPM) and Program “Evaluation and Review Technique” (PERT). Formal project management (PM) was not just for engineers anymore. PM tools and techniques found their way into all industries where things were being built like government, construction, manufacturing, aeronautics and more. The major innovators in this realm included organizations like Booze Allen, DuPont, Lockheed Martin, Remington Rand and the United States Navy. By the mid-1960s, the PM’s tool kit included planning, scheduling and cost-estimating tools. Project Management became a recognized profession as evidenced by the formation of the International Project Management Association (IPMA) in 1967 and the Project Management Institute (PMI) in 1969.
Fast forward to 2012, and the world of PM is filled with a multitude of frameworks and approaches including (1):
Waterfall (traditional phased approach) (3)
Agile (iterative & heuristic) (1)
Scrum (a structured / time-boxed form of Agile)(4)
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