Understanding the Nexus Between WBS and LFA

Haroon is an independent consultant in Mississauga, Ontario.

The United Nations, international non-profit organizations (INPOs) and non-profit organizations (NPOs) extensively use logical framework analysis (LFA) as a project planning and management tool that is part of almost every project document.

LFA is sometimes called a work breakdown structure, but its structure is different from a WBS as defined in A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), as I will discuss later. PMI’s standard project management processes can be tailored according to the specific need and unique nature of any project. Hence, PMI’s project management standard is flexible enough to benefit all projects and industries.

I have personally noticed that the non-profit realm has recently started integrating PMI’s project management standard into its projects. PMI’s lexicon is derived mostly from for-profit sectors; therefore, the project management terms and vocabulary from the non-profit realm may be foreign to managers in for-profit institutions.

For instance, the word “baseline” has a completely different meaning in the non-profit sector. Unlike PMBOK Guide’s meaning of a baseline for scope, schedule and cost, in the non-profit sector “baseline” means a number that presents a particular situation.

For instance, a poverty survey revealed that 50% of the population from …

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