Design Thinking & Project Management

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Design Thinking has emerged as a practical methodology for driving innovative outcomes. This blog aims to explore the intersection between Design Thinking and Project Management and to start a conversation on leveraging Design Thinking for contribution to the Project Management practice.

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Design Thinking Introduction for Project Leaders

The pace of change and disruption in the business environment demands that we, as Project Leaders, grow and acquire new skills. To be successful, we need to look past the rigor and discipline of managing projects and embrace agility and collaboration, thinking about customers first, with innovation and adaptive leadership.

Design Thinking has emerged as a successful methodology that organizations use to approach problem-solving and delivery of innovative solutions that delight their customers. Design Thinking provides models for project leaders to be more successful in this every-changing profession.

My webinar from May 2016 outlines the benefits of incorporating design on projects while providing a high-level overview of methods and tools:

 

https://www.projectmanagement.com/videos/330087/Design-Thinking---Project-Management

 

Connect with me on Linkedin or follow me on Twitter @brucegay

Posted on: February 13, 2019 06:10 PM | Permalink | Comments (5)

Design Thinking & Project Management (repost)

Design and design thinking is "old news."  As Project Managers, we are late to this party. 

If you have not yet seen my webinar on Design Thinking & Project Management, here is a link:  https://www.projectmanagement.com/videos/330087/Design-Thinking---Project-Management


Design thinking has emerged as a major trend for how innovative organizations are approaching problem-solving. Design thinking encourages innovative solutions by drawing on approaches from engineering and design, and combining them with ideas from the arts, social sciences, and the business world.

Design Thinking is ...

1)  People-centered. Empathy is at the core.

Empathy gained through user research is at the center of design. The PM and project team should strive to include all project stakeholders and customers in the process, starting from project initiation. The goal is to get immediate and timely feedback from the customer and make changes and revisions along the way.

2) Extensive interdisciplinary collaboration.

A common challenge across projects is communication. Words, and the meaning behind them are often misunderstood. Different people with different backgrounds and experiences use language differently. Design Thinking tools and methods, like sketching, mind maps or physical models, can be extremely useful. They force people to remove imprecise words and organize around a “synthesized” picture to describe the concept. Additionally, people are terrible at recall, but we’re awesome at recognition. Project Managers should utilize these tools and methods to bring people together and work more effectively.

3) Highly creative. Strives for diverse viewpoints.

As a PM, you should staff your project team with people that possess different perspectives for the best results. You absolutely need people who think differently, but to be efficient, you need to find ways to communicate, prioritize, share in decision making. Seek out staff that can “think laterally” and are willing to try connecting ideas that might not seem to intuitively go together. 

4) All about doing and being hands-on.

Design Thinking is about taking ideas and concepts and quickly giving them form. Whether a napkin sketch, a prototype carved from foam rubber, or a digital mock-up, the quick-and-rough models that designers constantly create are a critical component of innovation. When you give form to an idea, you begin to make it real and can elicit emotional responses from end users and customers. You have to make in order to learn. 

5) Iterative.

Lastly, Design Thinking is iterative. You and your team will never get it right the first time.

As part of your project management process, you need to embed the cyclical process of prototyping, analyzing, and refining a product or service. Your team needs to secure timely feedback from the customer in order to make iterative/incremental improvements along the way. My advice -- the iterative nature of design is not as costly as not doing it at all.


A few closing thoughts on this topic:

  1. Design Thinking is not magic. There is rigor to it. You can learn it. You can practice it, you can get better at it.
  2. There are many design models to choose from and no single process or toolkit serves every case. As a PM, you need to understand whatever model you are using and account for it in your project planning and execution. 
  3. Design is a set of tools to solve problems. If you do it well, it is a sustainable activity that can transform your projects and your entire business.

 

I am passionate about evangelizing Design Thinking within the Project Management community. I welcome any feedback or comments below. 

Posted on: February 12, 2017 11:59 AM | Permalink | Comments (3)

Guidance for Project Managers

 

Recently I have been working on a turnaround project that needed some additional project management discipline and rigor. I have been providing come guidance to some of the junior PMs, that I wanted to share with the community here.

 

Guidance for Project Managers:

  • Empathy and listening is key to being a successful Project Manager. Ask your teams “Where can I help?” and they will tell you.
  • Teams do not communicate well. It is our job as PMs to make sure any mis-communications or delays in communication are beaten down.
  • Be an escalation point for your teams to ensure that their open items and concerns are being addressed in a timely manner.
  • Get your hands dirty. There is a lot of important work that no one team is assigned to do yet needs to be done for the project to be successful. (e.g. “herding cats”, action item follow-up, procuring additional software or resources, generating drafts of documents for the team to react to, etc.).
  • Think strategically and think about the bigger picture. Someone needs to help guide and focus the team on “The Goal”.
  • Keep a watchful eye on dependencies and their impacts on milestones.
  • Stay focused on the Top 3-4 critical issues that could delay or derail the teams’ progress.
  • Make sure the team takes time to prepare for key stakeholder meetings. Conduct dry runs if needed, but at minimum presentation materials should be reviewed prior to sharing with stakeholders.
  • Shield the team from as much administrative work as possible.

 

Connect with me on Linkedin or follow me on Twitter @brucegay

Posted on: December 11, 2016 02:51 PM | Permalink | Comments (12)

Feedback Requested for Next Design Webinar

I am planning to develop a Part 2 presentation to the webinar "Design Thinking & Project Management". My goal is to continue the conversation on how Design and Project Management intersect and how design can benefit your projects. ( Please watch my webinar is you have not already! )

Thus far, I have the collected the following topics (in no specific order):

  • How to start incorporating Design Thinking into projects
  • Change management or improving an organization's readiness to adopt design methods
  • One or two real world examples of the design process (case studies)
  • Managing schedule risk around design activities
  • Budgeting for user research and usability testing

I am interested in any additional topics or questions from everyone to be included in the next Design presentation. Your feedback is valuable as I formulate the agenda.

 

Thanks in advance!

 

Connect with me on Linkedin or follow me on Twitter @brucegay

Posted on: September 19, 2016 10:17 AM | Permalink | Comments (0)

Integrating Design into Your Organization

In May 2016, I presented a webinar to the PMI Community on the topic "Design Thinking & Project Management". Continuing my series of articles on how Project Managers can integrate design into projects, this article will focus on Lesson #2: "Design should be involved in the full project lifecycle", and specifically options and recommendations on how to structure UX Design teams within your organization.

 

Each company or organization is different. How you decide to organize your teams will depend on what works best for your company's goals and culture. The key organizational models for UX Design are: centralized, de-centralized (aka embedded), or hybrid of the two. There are advantages and disadvantages for each model.

1. Centralized Model

In a centralized team model, designers belong to a single unit and are "farmed out" to work on individual projects around the organization. When a particular designer's work is complete they return to the central group and are re-assigned to new work and new projects.

Advantages:

  • Promotes uniform career growth of the design team.
  • Provides emotional benefits of belonging to a group.
  • Advances a coherent design experience across the organization.

Disadvantages:

  • Reduces design to a purely execution function, not fully integrated into the project lifecycle.
  • Designers are inserted into a project that was already underway.
  • Designers would not have participated in problem definition, a key activity that designers are well-suited to lead the team through.
  • Perception of designers as outsiders - "not one of us".

2. Embedded Model

In this model, designers are embedded into multidisciplinary teams and report up through local management. Designers are dedicated to a team and each team is devoted to a distinct aspect of the product or software development.

Advantages:

  • Over time, the team forms a cohesive unit and team members respect the contributions of the designer.
  • The designer builds up specific business or domain knowledge and
  • The designer establishes stronger bonds with key stakeholder (and decision makers) involved in the project.

Disadvantages:

  • Designers have no sense of design community for support, they could become lonely.
  • Designers work on their own, likely not collaborating with other designers within the organization.
  • Team members are non-designers who do not speak the same professional language. 

3.  Hybrid Model

From recent experiences, we overcame the disadvantages of the two previous models by evolving a hybrid model with both embedded and centralized attributes. We found that having UX designers embedded in the development teams, but also members of a design group within the organization, worked best. The result had the combined advantages from both models.

In the hybrid model, there is a degree of commitment and engagement desired from the embedded designers assigned to specific projects. In this case, the designer understands the full life cycle and is deeply wedded to the business or domain. Having a centralized reporting structure lets designers to be managed by other designers. This allows for peer design, knowledge sharing across projects and quickly ramping up on a project.

 

I am passionate about evangelizing Design within the Project Management community. I welcome any feedback or comments on this article. 

Connect with me on Linkedin or follow me on Twitter @brucegay

Posted on: August 30, 2016 11:28 AM | Permalink | Comments (2)
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