Project Management

Business Analysis

last edited by: Peter Wootton on Apr 22, 2024 6:39 AM login/register to edit this page

1 Applications
2 Procedures
3 Instructions
   3.1 Planning
   3.2 Elicitation
   3.3 Managing Requirements
   3.4 Analysis
   3.5 Assess & Validate

Business analysis is an internal consultancy role that has the responsibility for investigating business situations, identifying and evaluating options for improving business systems, defining requirements and ensuring the effective use of information systems in meeting the needs of the business ref

Key solutions that result from business analysis work include process improvement, product development, strategic planning, policy development and organizational change. Business analysts attempt to take holistic views of the proposed situation and use best practices to present solutions. This typically involves examining the organization's people, processes, systems, and structures.


  • Identify the business problem or opportunity
  • Scope the solution
  • Represent the interests of the stakeholders
  • Interpret business needs
  • Document requirements from stakeholders
  • Test and validation


  • Planning & monitoring
  • Elicitation
  • Requirements management & communication
  • Requirements analysis
  • Solution assessment and validation


A business analyst lifecycle is highly dependent on a number of factors including (but not limited to):

  • Methodology used
  • Industry
  • Culture
  • Competition


With that said, the business analysis typically starts by planning the business analysis approach. This usually includes:

  • Stakeholder analysis
  • Communication
  • Key activities
  • Requirements management processes
  • Performance


With the business analysis plan in place, the BA moves to elicitation. This activity typically takes up a majority of the analysts time regardless of which methodology they are working with. Key outcomes of this stage include:

  • Preparation
  • Conducting elicitation activities via various best practice activities.
  • Documenting elicitation results
  • Validating elicitation results

Managing Requirements

As the business analyst is eliciting requirements, they are typically managing those requirements and communicating them in parallel. This includes:

  • Managing solution scope
  • Managing requirements
  • Requirements traceability
  • Preparing the requirements package
  • Communicating requirements


After some or all of the requirements are elicited and managed (again, depending on the methodology) the business analyst moved on to requirements analysis. This phase has a number of key deliverables essential to the success of the project including:

  • Organizing requirements
  • Prioritizing requirements
  • Modeling requirements
  • Verify requirements
  • Validate requirements

Assess & Validate

The final stage of business analysis work is to assess and validate solutions to the business problem using the analysis work done in previous stages. Outcomes from this stage include:

  • Assess potential solutions
  • Allocate requirements
  • Assess organizational preparedness
  • Determine transition requirements
  • Validate solution
  • Evaluate performance

last edited by: Peter Wootton on Apr 22, 2024 6:39 AM login/register to edit this page

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