Project Management

Project Management Central

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Topics: Career Development, Organizational Culture, Talent Management
Japanese Project Management KPM - Innovation, development and Improvement
In KPM, the essential power of project management is twofold: the creativity supported by different kinds of knowledge brought together to overcome conservativeness, and the team power across the organization.(kaikaku).

What can we learn with this project management framework?
Is this framework widely adopted in Japan?
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Are we talking about Kaizen and Kaikaku here?
...
1 reply by Alexandre Costa
Feb 04, 2020 7:20 PM
Alexandre Costa
...
Sante,

We are talking about Kaikaku Project Management (KPM) , is a framework of project management with a body of knowledge that also adopt the principles of kaikaku and kaizen between others.

P2M/KPM: Features & Essence:
1 - Project and Program management
2 - Innovative reformation
3 - Mission-driven approach
4 - Flexibility to adapt to environmental hanges
5 - 3K – kakusin, kaihatsu, kaizen
6 - 3S – scheme, system, services
7 - Value creation
8 - Integration management
9 - Core philosophy of ‘solutions to complex issues’

P2M/KPM Scope:
-Handles programs & projects
-Broader in scope
-Evaluations based on the entiremission
-Collectivism

Managerial approach:
-Concurrent development and Integration management
-Lifelong employment and loyalty
-Do not practice layoff system in conventional model
-Partially adoptsthe layoff system

Problem-solving methods:
-Flexibility approach
-Mission-oriented:Focus on not only clients’ goals,
but also how they are achieved, taking into account opinions and
suggestions
-Ambiguous, uncertain
-Decision making outcomes favor Inter-human relations

PMBOK Scope:
-Deals mainly with project level
-Narrower in scope
-Evaluations made on specific missions
-Individualism

Managerial approach:
-Phased development concept
-Practice layoff system

Problem-solving methods:
-Fixed approach on schedule, cost and quality
-Goal-oriented:Focus on delivering what-ever is required by clients
without considering other Factors as long as the result
is achieved
-Definiteness, clarity
-Decision making outcomes favor performance oriented and recognition of effort.

Alexandre
Feb 04, 2020 6:47 PM
Replying to Sante Vergini
...
Are we talking about Kaizen and Kaikaku here?
Sante,

We are talking about Kaikaku Project Management (KPM) , is a framework of project management with a body of knowledge that also adopt the principles of kaikaku and kaizen between others.

P2M/KPM: Features & Essence:
1 - Project and Program management
2 - Innovative reformation
3 - Mission-driven approach
4 - Flexibility to adapt to environmental hanges
5 - 3K – kakusin, kaihatsu, kaizen
6 - 3S – scheme, system, services
7 - Value creation
8 - Integration management
9 - Core philosophy of ‘solutions to complex issues’

P2M/KPM Scope:
-Handles programs & projects
-Broader in scope
-Evaluations based on the entiremission
-Collectivism

Managerial approach:
-Concurrent development and Integration management
-Lifelong employment and loyalty
-Do not practice layoff system in conventional model
-Partially adoptsthe layoff system

Problem-solving methods:
-Flexibility approach
-Mission-oriented:Focus on not only clients’ goals,
but also how they are achieved, taking into account opinions and
suggestions
-Ambiguous, uncertain
-Decision making outcomes favor Inter-human relations

PMBOK Scope:
-Deals mainly with project level
-Narrower in scope
-Evaluations made on specific missions
-Individualism

Managerial approach:
-Phased development concept
-Practice layoff system

Problem-solving methods:
-Fixed approach on schedule, cost and quality
-Goal-oriented:Focus on delivering what-ever is required by clients
without considering other Factors as long as the result
is achieved
-Definiteness, clarity
-Decision making outcomes favor performance oriented and recognition of effort.

Alexandre
Alexandre -

Thanks for sharing this framework which is new to me. Do you have links to any case studies of companies outside Japan whoch have successfully institutionalized this?

Kiron
...
2 replies by Alexandre Costa and Kiron Bondale
Feb 05, 2020 4:36 AM
Alexandre Costa
...
Kiron

Honestly outside of Japan in what i researched so far i have no clues about the use this framework, however i could share a link (PDF) where there is a scientific paper exploring the concepts and applications referring to some Japanese studies of their application, if you are interested in know a little more. ( is not the body of knowledge is short report of a study)

https://pdf.sciencedirectassets.com/277811...rqb&type=client


Alexandre
Feb 05, 2020 6:22 AM
Kiron Bondale
...
Thanks Alexandre!
hi Alexandre,

I comment because I am Japanese, but at least I have never used this framework.
Sorry for not helping.
However, I can explain the word nuance between “kaikaku” and “kaizen”.

kaikaku:
Dramatically change existing mechanisms and structures from the base.

kaizen:
Change to a better one while retaining the existing mechanism and structure.

"kaku" in "kaikaku" means revolution. "zen" in "kaizen" means good.
...
1 reply by Andrew Craig
Feb 05, 2020 6:40 AM
Andrew Craig
...
Thanks for sharing this!
Dear Alexandre
Interesting your question
Thanks for sharing

The idea I had is that Kaikaku applies to disruptive changes whereas Kaizen applies to incremental changes
Feb 04, 2020 11:56 PM
Replying to Kiron Bondale
...
Alexandre -

Thanks for sharing this framework which is new to me. Do you have links to any case studies of companies outside Japan whoch have successfully institutionalized this?

Kiron
Kiron

Honestly outside of Japan in what i researched so far i have no clues about the use this framework, however i could share a link (PDF) where there is a scientific paper exploring the concepts and applications referring to some Japanese studies of their application, if you are interested in know a little more. ( is not the body of knowledge is short report of a study)

https://pdf.sciencedirectassets.com/277811...rqb&type=client


Alexandre
Feb 04, 2020 11:56 PM
Replying to Kiron Bondale
...
Alexandre -

Thanks for sharing this framework which is new to me. Do you have links to any case studies of companies outside Japan whoch have successfully institutionalized this?

Kiron
Thanks Alexandre!
Feb 05, 2020 3:26 AM
Replying to Takeshi Miyaoka
...
hi Alexandre,

I comment because I am Japanese, but at least I have never used this framework.
Sorry for not helping.
However, I can explain the word nuance between “kaikaku” and “kaizen”.

kaikaku:
Dramatically change existing mechanisms and structures from the base.

kaizen:
Change to a better one while retaining the existing mechanism and structure.

"kaku" in "kaikaku" means revolution. "zen" in "kaizen" means good.
Thanks for sharing this!
Thank you for sharing
Thanks for the explanation, Takeshi.
P2M is a methodology developed by PMAJ, the national japanese PM association, in its 3rd edition as of 2014. There is a good summary on their webpage.

The idea of project management (PMI) is based on US culture features as focus on achievement and individual responsibility. Both features do not exist everywhere on the globe.

Japanese culture shares the 1st (achievement) but replaces individual responsibility with shared responsibility (I once had a long discussion with a Japanese about who is responsible for a certain system, he neglected that motion and said, all team members are responsible).

P2M has a strong focus on achievement integrating project and program management. With that it avoids our discussion about where should benefits management be, program vs project management and competencies of project/program managers. In its earlier versions, is was more explicit about teaming and joint responsibilities.
...
2 replies by Alexandre Costa and Takeshi Miyaoka
Feb 05, 2020 9:11 AM
Alexandre Costa
...
Thomas

Tank you for participating in the discussion,. I'm pleased that you have some knowledge about the methodology, with the links i putted in the forum and your explanation i think the information should be enough for the community starting making their opinions.

PS: Has i work in a Portuguese branch of a Japanese company, I have to be prepared to this cultural differences and different frameworks.I thought that was interesting to the community know more about this specific different approaches and find someone that possesses the knowledge to help us be aware of the different cultural approaches.

Alexandre
Feb 05, 2020 7:52 PM
Takeshi Miyaoka
...
Interesting discussion.
I am going to talk about Japanese culture.

There is a word "zentai-sekinin" in Japanese. This means that an issue is a team-wide issue and that the issue is responsible for all team members.

During the Middle Ages, Japanese introduced a system in which multiple households jointly managed one field during farming.
This is a system established to cover work when one household is ill or injured and cannot work on farming.
These households were jointly responsible for tax payments to the government.

In other words, this is also a system for stabilizing tax revenues, and I think that it is the basis for a culture in which multiple members take responsibility, such as paying taxes together.
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