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is the corruption is the major reason for not applying project management practices?

Can we prevent or reduce corruption by applying PM practices ?
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Very difficult, at least in some emerging market countries, where corruption is part of the everyday process in government issues, basically permits.

PM practices are one of the factors that would prevent or reduce corruption, yes. Alone I don't think.

Not just by applying PM practices.

Corruption: Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery

Could be reduced, but not totally prevented/corrected - specially when it comes to outsourcing, still many bad practices that need to be addressed.

Honesty is the best policy to be followed.Dishonesty gives birth to corruption and those who are in power are most likely to get infected .PM practices if followed religiously may control and limit the impact of corrupt practices to some extent . Corruption can not be a ground for not applying PM practices.

It is an interesting question but I will conclude that one has nothing to do with the other. I tried in my head to look at multiple perspectives, I just find it odd. We have heard of well-paid PMs, whose incompetence grinds a project to a halt or failure. Do we say, they are corrupt because they are well compensated or just plain incompetent?

I think applying good PM practices will reduce a lot of waste but I don't know how that will reduce corruption. Wikipedia describes "Corruption is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit". An unethical PM (corrupt in this case) would find ways to circumvent a plainly-laid out management plan.

How do we categorize a supposedly-corrupt official if s/he follows a well-planned PM plan?
Is following a well-laid make him/her less corrupt?
I don't think so....

Corruption comes from dishonesty and non ethical behaviour.
PM practices alone don't prevent it. But, if Project managers follow the PMI Ethics It surely helps reducing it.

Project management introduces accountability into a project, which can greatly limit the amount of corruption possible. While this is better than a project having no accountability at all, the presence of project management on a project can’t prevent corruption.

Not at all. As other things in the life, including the work life, is not matter of to use a process or practice like project management. Corruption itself is a practice so you can use it in conjunction with any other practices.

To answer your question let us agree on some points.
Firstly, Projects, and project management practices are context dependent i.e. they are affected by the many contextual variables such as culture.
Secondly, "corruption is more likely due to social and economic realities, ...(and) is part of the features of collectivist cultures."(Hellsten, Sirkku and Larbi, George A, 2008). Corruption has been cited in the project management literature as one of the top factors that lead to project failure especially in less developing countries (Africa) see for example "Project failure: The way forward and panacea for development" by (Zuofa, T and Ochieng, EG, 2014), and reported by (OLATEJU et al, 2011) as one of the key obstacles facing the implementation of project management.
Thirdly, the reason for adopting management principles of the traditional model of administration was to counter the corruption and inefficiency prevalent in early administration.As it introduces accountability 'see Eric Simms' reply".
Back to your question, it is evident that project management practices are affected by the context which encompasses many factors (including Corruption), hence the corruption may be the major factor affects the adoption of PM practices in some contexts, and may neglectable in many others.
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